Fact and Figures

Facts and Figures - Ranthambore National Park

Ranthambore National Park is located in Sawai Madhopur district of southeastern Rajasthan, about 170 km from Jaipur. Jaipur is the capital of Rajasthan which is the nearest international airport to Ranthambore. The nearest railway station to Ranthambore is Sawai Madhopur railway junction, which is about 11 km from the park entrance. Ranthambore National Park is well connected to railway stations of major cities in India. Apart from this, this is well connected to Delhi, Jaipur and Agra via highways and very easily can be reached by road to Ranthambore National Park.

Ranthambore Tiger Reserve Park is located in Sawai Madhopur district of Rajasthan state of India, covering an area of about 1700 sq. km including core and buffer area. The forest of Ranthambore is known for the reserve tiger park in India. The Indian tiger or Bengal tiger (Panthera tigeris) is the most prominent and revered wild species in Ranthambore National Park. 

Ranthambore Forest was first established by the Government of India in 1955 as the Sawai Madhopur Game Sanctuary and after this the forest of Ranthambore was included in the tiger project in 1973 by the Government of India and later declared a national park in November 1, 1980. The forests surrounding it were named Sawai Man Singh Sanctuary and Keladevi Sanctuary and in the year 1991, these sanctuaries were declared as part of the tiger reserve area of Ranthambore.

Ranthambore National Park derives its name from the historic Ranthambore Fort which is located inside the park. In the year 2013, Ranthambore Fort was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO under Group Hills along with 5 other forts of Rajasthan. Ranthambore National Park touches the boundaries of two states of India, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. Ranthambore National Park is situated on the edge of a plateau and is surrounded by the Banas River in the north and the Chambal River in the south. Ranthambore National Park touches the boundaries of two states of India, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. Ranthambore Park is considered the best place in the world to see Bengal tigers and other wildlife.

Ranthambore has a long range of flora, with the largest area being the Anogeissus pendula (Dhonk) forest. More than 40 species of mammals are found in Ranthambore National Park. About 320 species of birds have been recorded in Ranthambore. In addition, Ranthambore National Park has about 40 species of reptiles and over 300 species of flora.

The area of Ranthambore Tiger Sanctuary is smaller than many other tiger reserves in India. Due to this, it is easier to see tigers in their natural habitat in Ranthambore National Park than in other parks in India. The forest of Ranthambore is a dry deciduous, with most of the Dhonk trees found here. In autumn, the leaves of Dhonk trees fall and the forests are less dense, because of this, a royal tiger is more likely to be seen. This makes Ranthambore one of the most tiger sighting parks in India. 

By the year 2019, the tiger population in Ranthambore has reached 74, including males, females and cubs. The tigers in Ranthambore are generally diurnal, so tigers can be easily spotted during daytime jungle safaris, however seeing tigers in the forest depends on luck and is a matter of opportunity.


Total Area
1700.22 sq. km.
Critical Tiger Habitat (CTH)
1113.03 sq. km.
25 46’ N to 21 12’ N
76 17’ E to 77 13’ E
Nearest Railway Station
Sawai Madhopur (14 km.)
Summer highest of 48 ‘ C
Winter lowest of 02 ‘ C
November to March- Cold
October & April- Moderate
Annual Rain Fall
800 mm
Rainy Season
July to September and park remains closed during that period.
Type of Forest
Dry deciduous and dry thorn forest.
There are two hill systems that meet in the forest-Aravlli and Vindhya ranges.
300 kilometers of road network.
Park Entry and Exit Time
Winter (Oct to Feb)
07:00 am to 10:00 am
02:30 pm to 05:30 pm
Summer (March to June)
06:30 am to 09:30 am
03:30 pm to 06:30 pm


Climate in Ranthambore National Park

Ranthambore Tiger Reserve is known as for its sub-tropical arid climate. There are well defined three weathers - winter, summer, Monsoon in the Tiger reserve. Often, Weather becomes changes in October and March, from Monsoon to winter season and from winter to summer season, respectively.
As usual, summer season starts during the end of March and remains until the month of June. It is very hot and dry environment in the summer months. During the summer season, the maximum day temperature remains around 46 degree Celsius whereas minimum night temperature remains around 30 degrees Celsius, and often hot and dry winds blow, humidity remains at its lowest.

Monsoon begins in late or after June and remains until September. The Weather remains full of humidity and hot, and the rain is pounding once or twice in a week. Sometimes it doesn't rain also occurs 10-15 days. During such a long monsoon break in Ranthambore, weather becomes very warm and moist.  Aridity is a common phenomenon in and around the Ranthambore National park. During monsoons the area has thick forest with good grassland and resultant, animal tends to concentrate on the forest and carnivorous animals follow them. In Monsoon season some place also becomes a picnic spot for the people in Ranthambore. The usual yearly rainfall is 800 mm in Ranthambhore and there is an average of 38 rainy days annually in Ranthambore and nearly 90 per cent of them are in the monsoon months.  

The winter period in Ranthambore lasts from November to February. In winter the night temperature stays below 10 ° C, whereas, the daytime temperature hovers around the 20 degree Celsius mark. During month of December and January the night time temperature drops below 2 degrees Celsius. Often, you can find some drizzle and fog during the mid winter season.